Category Archives: Infection prev & control

Standard precautions (infection control)- what is included?

What is included as part of Standard Precautions? SP protect healthcare staff and patients from infection transmission via Direct or Indirect contact modes. The assumption is made that all blood/body fluids are potentially infectious and PPE measures should be taken … Continue reading

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Antimicrobial resistance: WHY it matters, HOW did it arise and WHAT can we do about it – PNG focus

Global status of AMR with focus on PNG Medical Symposium Sept 2015 Why does AMR matter? Antimicrobial resistance kills- mortality higher for resistant pathogens AMR hampers the control of infectious diseases – prolonged infectivity – eg. MDR-TB AMR increases the … Continue reading

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Room temperature bubble-through water chambers for patient oxygen supply are an infection hazard and do not provide significant humidification!

These commonly used devices are usually contaminated with environmental Gram negative bacteria that like moist environments – eg. Pseudomonas species, Alcaligenes, coliforms and other. These organisms may be multi-resistant.  The physics of humidification show that these room temperature devices do NOT … Continue reading

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Tuberculosis infection control – an essential priority

Control of healthcare TB transmission is an essential element of practice – protecting staff and other patients is paramount. Patients receiving drug therapy for drug susceptible TB are at increased risk for acquisition of MDR or XDR TB. WHO policy on … Continue reading

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Joint Infectious Diseases Symposium at the IOM, Nepal 5th Dec 2/14

TUTH IOM symposium 5Dec2014b Please find selected abstracts of this important meeting which highlighted the collaboration between the Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu, Nepal and the National Center for Global Health and Medicine , Tokyo, Japan.

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Human-to-Human Transmission of Ebola Virus- what’s the real evidence?

This short, excellent review from Centers for Disease Control, USA is worth reading in full! “During the 1995 Ebola outbreak in Kikwit, Democratic Republic of Congo, 80 (25%) of the 315 case-patients were healthcare personnel, and all of the healthcare … Continue reading

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