Standard precautions (infection control)- what is included?

What is included as part of Standard Precautions?

Essentially SP are a base level contact precaution model – preventing transmission by Direct or Indirect contact modes. The assumption is also made that all blood/body fluids are potentially infectious and measures should be taken by staff during healthcare to avoid exposure to bare skin or mucous membranes.

Hand hygiene (World Health Organisation 5 Moments for Hand hygiene Standard) remains a critical priority in the WHO Clean Care is Safer Care program.

Asepsis – conducting invasive and other key procedures with proper regard to Asepsis is critical and applies to all care settings including non-surgical procedures such as preparation of IV medication or insertion of an IV cannula.

Australia specifies 8 key elements for SP – see poster below.  Other ‘Standard Precautions’ that apply across all settings and patients include: 

  • safe handling and transport of laboratory specimens
  • antimicrobial stewardship
  • immunisation
  • healthcare-associated infection surveillance and analysis of risk across the healthcare system
  • safe hospital design, including ventilation


Approach-3-Standard-Precautions-Photo-PDF-693KBStd prec

About mdjkf

Microbiologist and Infectious Diseases Physician
This entry was posted in Standard precautions. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.