Standard precautions (infection control)- what is included?

What is included as part of Standard Precautions?

Essentially SP are a base level contact precaution model – preventing transmission by Direct or Indirect contact modes. The assumption is also made that all blood/body fluids are potentially infectious and measures should be taken by staff during healthcare to avoid exposure to bare skin or mucous membranes.

Hand hygiene (World Health Organisation 5 Moments for Hand hygiene Standard) remains a critical priority in the WHO Clean Care is Safer Care program.

Asepsis – conducting invasive and other key procedures with proper regard to Asepsis is critical and applies to all care settings including non-surgical procedures such as preparation of IV medication or insertion of an IV cannula.

Australia specifies 8 key elements for SP – see poster below.  Other ‘Standard Precautions’ that apply across all settings and patients include: 

  • safe handling and transport of laboratory specimens
  • antimicrobial stewardship
  • immunisation
  • healthcare-associated infection surveillance and analysis of risk across the healthcare system
  • safe hospital design, including ventilation

References

Approach-3-Standard-Precautions-Photo-PDF-693KBStd prec

About mdjkf

Microbiologist and Infectious Diseases Physician
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